What is bipolar disorder and mania?

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that can cause you to experience episodes of extreme highs and extreme lows. These episodes are called mania and depression. The severity and frequency of these episodes will help your healthcare provider determine the type of bipolar disorder you have.

  • Bipolar 1 disorder occurs when you have at least one manic episode. You may or may not also have a major depressive episode before or after a manic episode. In addition, you may experience a hypomanic episode, which is less severe than mania.
  • Bipolar 2 disorder is when you have a major depressive episode that lasts at least two weeks, and a hypomanic episode that lasts at least four days.

Read on to learn about mania and ways to help manage it.

What is mania?

Mania is a symptom associated with bipolar 1 disorder. You may experience the following during a manic episode:

  • abnormally elevated mood
  • persistently irritable mood

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